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给有出国打算的你~~~雅思篇

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发表于 2012-1-18 10:27:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
雅思写作必背200

句子就是财富,句子就是一切,这些句子是从近百篇雅思优秀作文中摘录下来并经反复推敲提炼而成的.对于复习时间短,基础较薄弱的朋友能够在短期内熟悉且背诵这些经典句子无疑是准备雅思考试的捷径。

according to a recent survey ,four-million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.
依照最近的一项调查,每年有4,000,000人死于与吸烟相关的疾病.

the latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.
最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感.

no invention has received more praise and abuse than internet.
没有一项发明象互联网同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评.

people seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.
人们似乎忽视了教育不应该随着毕业而结束这一事实.

many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person’s physical fitness.
许多专家指出体育锻炼直接有助于身体健康.

nowadays ,many students always go into raptures at the mere mention of the coming life of high school or college they will begin. unfortunately ,for most young people ,it is not pleasant experience on their first day on campus.
当前,一提到即将开始的学校生活,许多学生都会兴高采烈.然而,对多数年轻人来说,校园刚开始的日子并不是什么愉快的经历.

in view of the seriousness of this problem ,effective measures should be taken before things get worse.
考虑到问题的严重*,在事态进一步恶化之前,必须采取有效的措施.

proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.
应该采取适当的措施限制外国旅游者的数量,努力保护当地环境和历史不受国际旅游业的不利影响.

an increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city .however ,this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents ,who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.
越来越多的专家相信移民对城市的建设起到积极作用.然而,越来越多的城市居民却怀疑这种说法,他们抱怨民工给城市带来了许多严重的问题,象犯罪和卖淫.

many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus ,which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.
许多市民抱怨城市的公交车太少,以至于他们要花很长时间等一辆公交车,而车上可能已满载乘客.

there is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem :the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.
无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。

an investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.
一项调查显示妇女欢迎退休.

a proper part-time job does not occupy student’s too much time .in fact ,it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study .as an old saying goes :all work and no play makes jack a dull boy
一份适当的业余工作并不会占用学生太多的时间,事实上,把全部的时间都用到学习上并不健康,正如那句老话:只工作,不玩耍,聪明的孩子会变傻.

any government which is blind to this point may pay a heavy price.
任何政府忽视这一点都将付出巨大的代价.

an increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.
越来越多的人开始意识到教育不能随着毕业而结束.

when it comes to education ,the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.
说到教育,大部分人认为其是一个终生的学习.

the majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills ,which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.
大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力,而这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的.

it is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to fact the dangers of starvation and exposure.
无可争辩,现在有成千上万的人仍过着挨饿受冬的痛苦生活.

although this view is widely held ,there is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.
尽管这一观点被广泛接受,很少有证据表明教育能够在任何地点任何年龄进行.

no one can deny the fact that a person’s education is the most important aspect of his life.
没有人能否人这一事实:教育是人生最重要的一方面.

people equate success in life with the ability of operating computer .
人们把会使用计算机与人生成功相提并论.
 楼主| 发表于 2012-1-18 10:28:04 | 显示全部楼层
雅思阅读方法与技巧
 楼主| 发表于 2012-1-18 10:30:50 | 显示全部楼层
这篇文章将帮助你训练雅思考试中所有涉及阅读的方法和技巧。这些方法和技巧如下所示:

1. 预测
  在你仔细阅读一篇文章之前,可以猜想一下你会在文章中读到那些内容。比如一些和文章题目相关的专业知识可以帮助你预测文章中可能包含的内容。看完题目,你可以想一下关于这个题目
你知道多少,不知道多少。或者你可以设想一些看完文章后你能够回答的问题。这些准备可以帮助你更快、更准确的确定文章的主旨。
下面所讲的浏览和扫描可以帮助你预测。

2. 浏览
  浏览就是将文章快速的读一遍然后找到文章的主旨。文章的下列部分应该值得注意:
(a) 标题
(b) 副标题
(c) 有关作者的细节
(d) 摘要
(e) 介绍性的段落
(f) 每一段的第一、二句话和最后一句话
(g) 结论段落
  一篇文章不一定含有所有这些部分——可能没有摘要,或者没有副标题——但是通常至少应该有(a),(e),(f)和(g)。关注这些部分可以使你了解文章的主旨,换句话说,对文章有一个总体而非细节的了解。
  这种阅读方法也称为纵览,它可以被描述为快速的看一本书,一个章节,或一篇文章等,来决定它是否符合你的要求。看一篇文章是否合适,尤其是一本书时,除了上面介绍过的,你还需要注意以下的部分:
(a) 出版物的版本和日期
(b) 内容中的图表
(c) 前言
(d) 序论
(e) 目录

3. 扫描
  当你扫描一篇文章的时候,也是很快的看,但它和浏览不同,扫描是为了寻找某些特定的词句而不是文章的整体;关注的是细节而非主旨。当你阅读一篇文章时,你可能仅仅想找一个百分数或者某个特定历史时间的发生时间,而不是这篇文章的主旨。扫描可以帮你更有效的找到这些信息。

4. 详细的阅读
  第二遍和第三遍阅读文章的时候,应该注意次要的主旨和那些支持、解释和发展主旨的细节部分。这也可以说是更加全面的阅读,一个更慢更认真的阅读过程。这一阶段你可以试着猜一下不熟悉的单词的意思。

5. 猜测不认识的单词
  通常你不太可能认识一篇文章中所有的单词,尤其是在读第一遍的时候。你可以利用上下文和自己所拥有的专业知识来猜测这些单词的意思。在你第一遍阅读文章的时候,最好不要停下来查字典。这会打断你的阅读进程和理解。通常随着阅读的进行,你会理解这些原本不认识的单词和短语。字典将在后面的阶段使用。
  在利用上下文猜测单词意思的时候,要先参考离该单词最近的内容,再逐渐扩大到更大的范围。最近的内容就是该单词所在的句子,或者是这个句子的前后两个句子。更大的范围包括该段落的其他句子甚至该文章的其他段落。这些内容都可以为你猜测单词提供重要的信息。

6. 把握中心意思
  你应该练习识别包含在文章中的中心意思。在扫描的过程中你可能已经确认了一些中心意思。在读第二和第三遍的时候,你可以更加全面的理解它们。文章的每个段落都包含一个中心意思,它们往往都涉及到段落的主题。
  阅读材料所提供的练习会帮助你确定和理解文章的中心意思。判断一篇文章的重要性和是否满足你的需要,理解中心意思是非常重要的,同时你也可以理解文章的结构。

7. 推断
  有时作者在文章里的表达并不是直接的。换句话说,作者会暗示一些东西并把它留给读者去推断和理解。当作者这样做时,它需要读者有一定的知识面——比如专业或文化方面的知识。推断作者的意图在理解一篇文章的过程中有时是很重要的。

8. 理解文章的结构
文章的结构有很多种,把握这些结构可以帮助你更好的理解文章。比如作者希望着重指出一种情况,讨论一个问题或者计划一个解决方案,往往都会使用特殊的文章结构。或者作者想要比较两种观点,那么就会从两种适用的文章结构种来选择一种。
  与文章结构有关的另一个特征是作者对时间的运用。如果描写一系列的事件或者一个过程,作者往往会使用时间顺序,事件会在它们发生的时间被叙述。也有一些作者会用其他的方法来叙述这样的一系列事件,比如用过去和现在对比的方法。

9. 确定作者的意图
  一旦你理解了文章的结构,你会更清楚的理解作者的意图。文章的结构会受到作者意图的影响。作者的意图可能是告知或者劝说,他会根据他的意图来为文章选择一种结构或风格。作者也可能在一篇文章中体现两种意图——告知和劝说,在这种情况下最好确定那种意图是作者的主要意图。

10.评价作者的态度
  作者在文章中所表现的态度并不一定是中立的或者客观的,尤其是在他们试图说服读者同意他们的意见时。理解作者的态度和文章的主旨或者提供的信息之间的关系就显得尤为重要。这是因为,作者的态度会影响文章中信息的表达方式。你应该着眼于确定作者态度的方法,以及评价作者态度是保持中立还是带有偏见。
 楼主| 发表于 2012-1-18 10:31:39 | 显示全部楼层
雅思作文(TASK 2)主要有哪几种体裁?
  TASK 2的体裁属于议论文(ARGUMENTATIVE WRTING),通常分为discussion和 argumentation两大类。Discussion要求考生分析某个方面的问题/现象,找出成因并提出相应解决办法,往往以特殊问句形式出题(WH-,HOW)。Argumentation要求考生就某一话题/观点发表自己的见解,阐述自己的观点,力图说服读者;对某观点进行评价,驳斥对方观点等,往往以一般疑问句形式出题。下面所列雅思作文考题分别属于上述两大类:
  1. Computers can translate all kinds of languages; therefore there is no need for our children to learn foreign languages. Do you agree with this statement? (argumentation)
  2. Traditional culture can civilise a nation, so people think that the government should subsidize artists, musicians and drama companies. Do you agree or not? (argumentation)
  3. Should marijuana be legalized? (argumentation)
  4. Many young women are involved in crimes nowadays. Why? What measures should we take to solve this problem? (discussion)
  5. People nowadays suffer from heavy stress. What are the causes and how to reduce pressure? (discussion)
  Many cultures and languages have been disappearing these years. What factors contribute to this phenomenon? How to avoid it? (discussion)
 楼主| 发表于 2012-1-18 10:31:57 | 显示全部楼层
雅思考试准备方法与技巧

  雅思考试在中国骤然火爆,是近两年的事。有两方面的原因。第一,赴英联邦国家留学,别无选择,必过雅思。第二,由于申请人数激增,加拿大移民局采用雅思考试成绩衡量技术移民类申请者的英文能力,作为免面试的参考依据。雅思考试成绩理想者,极有可能免去面试一关,省去不少麻烦与煎熬。但问题的关键在于,面对对于大部分考生来说仍相当陌生的考试制度,考生应
针对其目前的英文实力,作一客观现实的分析和评估。在此基础上,制定扎实有效的备考计划,才能一战成功,顺利通过雅思。

  路有多远
  对于大多数中国学员而言,衡量其英文水平的标准是大学公共英语四/六级考试。但国内的四/六级英语考试命题思路,基本上是借鉴美国的托福考试,以考察英语语言本身为主。更注重语言知识点,而非实际语言运用。顺利通过四,六级,并不意味着能顺利通过雅思。同托福系统相比,雅思考试系统更注重实际语言运用能力。语言是信息的载体,雅思考的是语言之外的信息,这就要求考生不仅要拥有扎实的语言基本功,还要有灵活实际的语言运用能力,能够在高强度的考试压力下,迅速找到并答出正确的信息。而对大学毕业后又工作多年的大部分考生来说,即便在校时曾通过了四/六级考试,多年间,英文知识已折旧无几,现在真正的英文水平,可能不过是一级二级,甚至更低。另外,作为雅思考试主要命题单位之一的澳大利亚高校国际开发署曾言,有计划地准备雅思,一般三个月成绩可提高一分,这可以作为备考雅思的一个参考。它意味着在英文实力不足的情况下,盲目强化训练的做法是有害无益的。
  备考雅思,首先需要恢复英文本身的功力,然后针对雅思考试的特点,进行系统的专项强化。因此,切实有效的作法是把备考雅思分成两个阶段来完成:实力恢复期和考题强化期。
 楼主| 发表于 2012-1-18 10:33:03 | 显示全部楼层
35个雅思基础作文题目汇总

1. You are an university student who are living in the accommodation at the campus. One day you find something wrong with your accommodation. So you write a letter to the House Officer to tell them what happened, the reason you think, what you decide to do, and whether if it is right.
  2. It is wrong that our government pay more money to the artist projects, for instance, there are more and more paintings and sculptures appearing at the public places, because there are more important thing to do. What's you opinion? Do you agree or disagree with it?
  3. writing to an English speaking college about qualification, accommodation, fee, what courses do you want to choose and why.
  4. Participating in a sport is as important for psychological health as it is for physical condition and social development.
  5. You have left college. But you didn't say goodbye to your friend who live in the room with you because he had a course at that time. Write a letter to him to appology and tell hem how you spend that days before you leave and how you get home. Then invite him to visit you.
  6. Some people say the parents should except school to conduct their children's behavior and tell them what is 'right' or 'wrong'. Others say schools should take this responsibility. Please give your point about it.
  7. Write to the agency officer and complain about the rent car which has sth wrong. Tell them the problems of the car you rent from the agency and your requiring.
  8. As the developing countries and the third world countries, there are a funds, how to use it? Invest in the basic education or in the high-technology, for instance, computer? What's your opinion?
  9. You are a foreign student. Write to the Student Union, introduce your hobbies and interests and ask information of clubs and societies. You want to join a club or society enjoy your time when you study there.  
  10. Fast food is developing more and more popular. It replaces other traditional food. Some people think it is good, some people disagree with it. What's your opinion about it. Give some reason of your opinion.
  11. A friend will visit Beijing. You will meet him at airport. But for some reason, you have to be late. Explain the reason. Since you haven't meet each other, tell the friend where you will meet and how to recognize each other.
  12. More and more children's writing & math ability are affected by computers and calculators. We should limit the use of those tools. Disagree or agree.
  13. you have broke your leg and have to stayed in hospital. you received many cards and letters from your classmates. write a letter to tell them your detail of your position and thank them at the same time.
  14. some people say that it is impossible for women to be an effective women and to be a good mother in home at the same time. they also suggest that the government should give the salary to mothers who stay at home to take care of their children.
  15. Your friend write to you and tell you that he is hesitating to chose computer or history as his major in university. Write to him and tell him your opinion.
  16. Participating in a sport is as important for psychological health as it is for physical conditions and social development.
  17. You live in a room in college which you share with another student. You find it very difficult to work there because he or she always has friends visiting. They have parties in the room and sometimes borrow your things without asking you. Write a letter to the Accommodation officer at the college and ask for a new room nest term. You would prefer a single room. Explain your reason.
  18. Who has responsible for our old people?
  19. Write to the agency officer to complain about a rent house by them. Tell them the problems of the house and your requiring.  
  20. You read an ad about a sale of a shop in the local newspaper, when you came to buy the goods you wanted, you find the sale had ended. Write to the shop manager and complain about this. Require for the compensation.
  21. Write to an English speaking college about qualification, accommodation, fee, what courses do you want to choose and why.
  22. You are accepted as an oversea student by an university. Before you go to the university, write to the student officer and ask them sth about the accommodation, the transportation,and the class schedule.
  23. You are a history teacher at a high school. You see an ad at the local newspaper to introduce the local museum which coincidens with what you teach now. Write to the museum officer and tell them that you want to bring your students to visit it.
  24. Write a letter to your friend and express thanks for his present which was brought to you during you were ill at the hospital.
  25. The first car appeared on British roads in 1888. By the year 2000 there may be as many as 29 million vehicles on British roads. Alternative forms of transport should be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car ownership and use. What do you think? Give reasons for your answer.
  26. The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy. The benefits of nuclear technology far outweigh the disadvantages. Give reasons for your answer.
  27. People can do longer expect a job for life. What should individuals and governments do to prepare the current and future environments for different working conditions?
  28. As technological innovation brings about rapid changes and retraining becomes a lifelong necessity, industry should take over more and more of the responsibility for education.
  29. It is more important for governments to ensure adequate standards of housing, education and health care for their citizens by developing the industrial base than to use their resources to develop the rural areas.
  30. Business education and training today must promoter environmental awareness.
  31. Whilst studying abroad provides an opportunity to broaden one's experience, it also presents the danger of negative influences from the host culture.
  32. Technological advances continue to improve manufacturing efficiency; the weight of a drinks can has come down from thirty-five grams to about fifteen grams, for example, and modern cars and production techniques are much more energy efficient. Governments need to control the environment rather than controlling industry, as companies already control their resources very efficiently.
  33. Training for work is far more important than proving a broad-based education.
  34. What steps should a student take in preparing for tertiary education and what would be the benefit of taking such steps?
  35. The developed world should lead by example and not insist that aid to the Third World is used to develop rural areas.

 楼主| 发表于 2012-1-18 10:33:59 | 显示全部楼层
IELTS考试常见问题简答

1、我的考号是什么?
在考试当天进场时,您的身份证件背后贴的标签上的四位数字的号码就是您的考号。

2、考生在考试时可以带什么入场?
只能带您的身份证件(一定要是你报名用的那个身份证!!!)、木杆铅笔,一个转笔刀和一块橡皮。您不能携带移动电话入场,如果发现将以作弊处理,您将会被要求退场并没有成绩。当您报名时,您会收到一份中英文的考生须知,您务必认真阅读并签字接受这些规定。如果您在考试中违反了规定,您将必须退场,并且不会收到考试成绩。

3、考生是否可以在一天内完成全部的考试?
口试的时间有可能在周六下午或在周日,所以您应做好准备需要两天完成考试。近来由于考生人数激增,在一些考试中心有可能将口试安排在周一。对于来自外地的考生,我们会尽量避免但也不排除将口试安排在周一。

4、在听力和口试中可能会听到什么地方的口音?
因为ielts考试是国际英语语言测试考试,所以在其两类考试中会包含各式口音的英语。原因在于在不同的英语国家,您能听到的口音也各有不同。

5、听力磁带中是否录有必要的停顿和说明?
是的。听力磁带长约40分钟。在考试时磁带会提示先让考生阅读第一部分的问题,然后开始听第一部分的内容并答题。第二、三和四部分也是一样。所有的听力题目历时30分钟,最后10分钟留给考生将答案誊写到答题纸上。

6、在开始播放听力磁带后,考生是否可以要求停止播放?
不可以。磁带开始播放后,考生可以先听到考试说明及一个例题。这些可以帮助考生习惯磁带中的声音,考官可以将音量调节到适合大家的最舒适的程度。

7、在阅读考试结束后,是否还有额外的10分钟可以用来誊写答案?
没有。您必须在阅读考试结束前将所有答案誊写到答题纸上,阅读部分的考试时间只有一个小时。

8、如果我把阅读和听力部分的答案写反了,应该怎么办?
请立即通知考场内的考官。

9、在阅读考试期间,我是否可以修改听力部分的答案?
不可以。这是作弊行为,因为听力考试已经结束。

10、我是否可以用钢笔答题?
不可以,您必须使用木杆铅笔。

11、我是否可以在答卷上做标注?
可以,但考官只会对答题纸上的答案评分,不会考虑标注的内容。

12、在写作的作文纸上,如果我把第一题错写在第二题的位置怎么办?
请立即通知考场内的考官。

13、什么是口试?
口试是由一位经认证的考官经过面对面的测试评估考生的语言水平,口试的过程会被录制在磁带上。

14、在口试中考生应该带什么?
考生需要携带与笔试相同的证明资料,因为我们仍需要与报名表中的资料核对。在考生进入口试教室之前,考场管理人员和口试考官都会检查这些文件。

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